Jonathan Dance.musings

Bluepill, chef, and resque


Bluepill is an alternative for process monitoring, competing in the same space as heavyweight monit and hubristic god. Like god, bluepill itself and its recipes are written in pure Ruby. Bluepill’s goal is to be very lightweight, and while it weighs in at greater than 1400 LOC, it’s much smaller than both monit and god, and easily wins over god on memory usage:

Bluepill vs God memory usage

At WegoWise, we began to investigate using bluepill on recommendation from EngineYard as bluepill would be an independent system apart from EY’s own use of monit. We were previously using monit to monitor and control our resque processes; bluepill would replace this role.

The Good

There are some very nice things about bluepill. Bluepill removes the need to create init.d-style scripts to control your processes. Bluepill will handle creating PID files, daemonizing, and sending a standard TERM signal to end the process (as well as number of other handy things). For our resque processes, the only truly necessary configuration is a start command.

If that’s the case, then why is our resulting chef recipe and bluepill template (which we’ve released to the public) so complicated? Well, most of the complication is queue logic, but there’s some other tricks in there that are worth explaining.

The Bad

Overall, our experience with bluepill has been very positive, but it is not without a few drawbacks. Bluepill doesn’t do graceful shutdowns, nor will it ever issue a KILL signal if the process becomes unresponsive to TERM. To solve this, we included a QUITTERMKILL signal chain in our bluepill configuration.

Another problem is there’s no way to set up alerts should something go terribly wrong (we’ve yet to solve this problem). For instance, bluepill allows you to monitor flapping (rapid restarting), but bluepill will simply unmonitor the process when this occurs, and you will be none the wiser. This also occurs is if the process doesn’t start, stop, or restart within the allotted grace time. Therefore, a shutdown script like the one we used is a real necessity.

For now, we’ve solved our most critical issue directly in our pill (each bluepill configuration file is called a pill), but we might look into adding signal chains and alerts to bluepill itself. Fortunately, resque is quite stable and so alerts–even using a TERM signal–has yet to be necessary, and bluepill has been rock solid as well.